Pomerania

Regional capital: Gdańsk

The Region

Malbork Castle, photo: UMWP
Malbork Castle, photo: UMWP

The Pomeranian region could well be called the Polish Saint Tropez, only with a slightly longer coastline, which consists of an impressive three-hundred-kilometre stretch of sandy beaches, each of them unique and wholly unforgettable. Spectacular, romantic sunrises and sunsets, punctuated by the numerous majestic lighthouses, add to the magical charm of the South Baltic. The region’s picturesque landscapes have long appealed to filmmakers from around the world.

Landscape

Łeba, shifting dunes, photo: POT
Łeba, shifting dunes, photo: POT

The Pomeranian region encompasses two national parks and nine landscape parks. The Słowiński National Park, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, numbers amongst Europe’s greatest rarities. It includes a sand bar which was thrown up by the sea and then blown further inland by the wind, creating a phenomenon unique in Europe, the Shifting Dunes. In the Bory Tucholskie (Tucholskie Coniferous Forest) National Park, there is an abundance of unique natural and landscape features to be found. The dense pine forests are surrounded by a network of interconnecting lakes, creating an area of captivatingly beautiful, natural wildness. In the Kępa Redłowska Reserve, the Klif Orłowski (Orłowski Cliff), rising dramatically to ninety metres, dominates the picturesquely shaped seashore at its foot.



Cities and Sites

Gdańsk, Mariacka Street, ©City of Gdańsk
Gdańsk, Mariacka Street, ©City of Gdańsk

The best known cities in Pomerania are Gdańsk, Gdynia and Sopot, which form what is known as the Tri-City, one of Poland’s youngest and fastest-growing urban areas.

Gdańsk is home to what is arguably one of Poland’s most przed historical town centres. Most of the ancient sites are located in the Main Town and the Old Town. The Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is the largest mediaeval, brick-built church in Europe. The decorative facades of the buildings in ulica Mariacka (Mariacka Street) are characteristic of the merchants’ houses of bygone times. The Gdańsk Fort, a vast and formidable, seventeenth-century Prussian edifice, also contributes to the city’s tangible historical atmosphere. One of the most interesting examples of industrial areas in the region is the Gdańsk shipyard, which played a crucial role in the history of the city, Poland and the whole of Europe.

The modern port of Gdynia was established at the beginning of the twentieth century. As Poland’s ‘window on the world’, it was intended to provide the country with access to the Baltic Sea and its maritime character is evident at every step.

Sopot, known as ‘the summer capital of Poland’, is a jewel-like resort situated between Gdańsk and Gdynia on the Bay of Gdańsk. Surrounded by forests and enjoying a unique microclimate, it features the captivating architecture of an historical Baltic spa town.

Kaszuby

Kaszuby is the area of Pomerania where the Kaszubs made their home, a people speaking their own language and nurturing their own culture and customs. True to their roots, they still live there today, in villages and hamlets set amidst the glorious scenery of the Kaszubian Lakeland and the Kaszubian ‘Switzerland’. The Kaszubski Ethnographic Park in Wdzydze Kiszewskie offers not only an abundance of traditional crafts, including that of amber-working, but also a genuine impression of the unique Kaszubian atmosphere. There are three castles not far from the park; in Bytów, Łapalice and Kiszewa.