If land or a building or other structure is to be used as a shooting location or support facility, it is necessary to obtain a shooting permit from the owner or the authority responsible for managing the site in question.
Locations in Poland might belong to the State Treasury (Skarb Państwa), a local authority, a denominational group, a religious order or a private individual. In every case, it is worth preparing documents containing the following information:
Film Commission Poland can provide assistance with location scouting and obtaining the requisite permits, as can the regional film commissions operating in Poland’s largest cities and a number of companies specialising in the field.
For a list of communes, poviats and voivodships, please see the map: www.administracja.mac.gov.pl (in Polish)
State Treasury property is managed by specially appointed agencies, such as the agricultural and military agencies, for instance, as well as by the local authorities, in other words, the urban, rural and urban-rural communes (gmina*), poviats (powiat) and voivodships (województwo). The management of State Treasury property not allocated to the special agencies, including lending and renting, is one of the tasks assigned to the leaders of the local authority units, in other words, the mayors (burmistrz), the city presidents (prezydent miasta), the leaders of the poviat executives and administration (starosta) and the voivods (wojewoda). Special departments operate within the offices of these authorities, namely the city/town offices (urząd miasta), commune offices (urząd gminy), poviat offices (starostwo powiatowe) and the executive offices of the voivodships (urząd marszałkowski). These departments (wydział gospodarowania nieruchomościami Skarbu Państwa, more often than not) are responsible for the management of state-owned property and are the place to apply for permits for its use in a film. State Treasury property is owned by the Ministry of Treasury.
* All the Polish terms provided in this section are given in the singular form
Ministry of Treasury
Department of Treasury Property
Ministerstwo Skarbu PaństwaDepartament Mienia Skarbu Państwa
00-522 Warsaw, ul. Krucza 36
tel. +48 22 695 87 72, fax +48 22 628 32 99
The local authorities also manage their own property, which includes architectural objects and land. Permits to use them in a film are issued by the property management department of the local authority office in question.
The communes, poviats and voivodships may exercise permanent management over facilities transferred to them by government administration, hospitals and schools being cases in point here. They are very often authorised to issue permits and must only address a request to the body they report to in certain cases, which simplifies the production process in places at some distance from the administrative centres.
The majority of sacred buildings in Poland are Roman Catholic. However, there are also Orthodox, Protestant, Jewish and Muslim places of worship and religious complexes. Shooting permits for Christian churches are issued by the head of the local diocese or archdiocese, namely the bishop (biskup) or archbishop (arcybiskup), respectively. In monasteries and convents, this is the responsibility of the prior, the abbot, the abbess or the mother superior. The offices of the local Jewish Community issues permits to film in synagogues, while the offices of the local Muslim commune handles shooting permits for mosques.
The Union of Jewish Religious Communities in Poland
Związek Gmin Wyznaniowych Żydowskich w RP
00-104 Warsaw, ul. Twarda 6
tel. +48 22 620 06 76, fax +48 22 620 10 37
Muslim Religious Union in the Republic of Poland
Muzułmański Związek Religijny w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
15-207 Białystok, ul. Piastowska 13F
tel./fax +48 85 732 40 23
For a list of monasteries, please see: www.zyciezakonne.pl/dzialy/informator/zakony-meskie (in Polish)
For a list of convents, please see: www.zyciezakonne.pl/dzialy/informator/zakony-zenskie (in Polish)
The use of private land and property in a film requires a signed agreement setting out the rights and obligations of the parties during filming.
In terms of ownership, the roads in Poland are classified as national, voivodship, poviat or commune roads. Irrespective of the category, two procedures are obligatory; consent must be obtained for occupying a traffic lane (zajęcie pasa drogowego) and for a specific use of a road (wykorzystanie drogi w sposób szczególny). In order to obtain permission to film, it is necessary to apply to the offices proper to the particular type of road:
- national roads:
- voivodship roads; the Chief Executive’s Office (urząd marszałkowski)
- poviat roads and urban, rural and urban-rural commune roads; the poviat, city/town or commune offices.
To obtain a shooting permit for municipal parks and other urban green spaces, or for forests located with the ambits of the city or town, it is necessary to apply to the local authority's department of the environment and green areas (wydział środowiska, wydział ochrony środowiska, zarząd zieleni miejskiej, more often than not). State forests are managed by the General Directorate of State Forests and requests for permission to film should be submitted to the local inspectorate (nadleśnictwo).
General Directorate of State Forests
Dyrekcja Generalna Lasów Państwowych
02-362 Warsaw, ul. Bitwy Warszawskiej 1920 r. 3
tel. +48 22 589 81 00, fax +48 22 589 81 71
Agricultural Property Agency
Resource Management Unit
Agencja Nieruchomości Rolnych
Zespół Gospodarowania Zasobem
00-215 Warsaw, ul. Dolańskiego 2
tel. +48 22 452 54 56, fax +48 22 452 54 57
There are twenty-three national parks, one hundred and twenty-two landscape parks and four hundred and eighty-one nature reserves in Poland. Filming within them requires a permit issued by the director of the park or reserve in question.
List of national parks in Poland.
In Poland, no permission is need to fly drones weighing up to twenty-five kilos or helicams, provided the aircraft remains within the operator's/pilot's sight and the flight is not made over prohibited and excluded areas such as airports and airfields, refineries and military facilities. All other flights, including those made by drones over excluded zones, should be agreed with the Civil Aviation Authority.
Civil Aviation Authority
Customer Service Point and Post Room
Urząd Lotnictwa Cywilnego
Punkt Obsługi Klienta i Kancelaria
02-247 Warsaw, ul. Marcina Flisa 2
tel. +48 22 520 72 00
For an interactive map of Polish Air Navigation Agency’s zones, please see: www.amc.pata.pl
Filming on rivers, lakes and other bodies of water, as well as on dams and in hydroelectric facilities, required a permit. This can be obtained from the owner or managing body. In the case of state-owned land, either the appropriate document is issued by the regional water authority (regionalny zarząd gospodarki wodnej) or authorisation is granted by the relevant department of the voivodship, poviat or commune offices (wydział gospodarki wodnej, wydział ochrony środowiska, zarząd melioracji, more often than not).
Filming in historical buildings or at historical sites requires the permission of the owner or managing body. In some cases, the consent of the local historical conservation office will also be needed. Buildings and sites of this nature are often home to museums, open-air ethnographical museums or cultural parks. The possibility of photographing and filming museum collections and exhibits may be covered by separate regulations. Shooting in historical buildings or at historical sites, particularly in the case of ruins, often involves the necessity of meeting additional insurance requirements.
of Culture and National Heritage
Monuments Preservation Department
Ministerstwo Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego
Departament Ochrony Zabytków
02-656 Warsaw, ul. Ksawerów 13
tel. +48 22 646 05 27, fax +48 22 848 53 53
Filming in military facilities requires the consent, on each and every occasion, of the commanding officer of the unit to which the facility belongs.
Ministry of National Defence
Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej
00-911 Warsaw, Al. Niepodległości 218
tel. +48 22 684 00 32, fax +48 22 687 41 89
General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces
Sztab Generalny Wojska Polskiego
00-904 Warsaw, ul. Rakowiecka 4A
tel. +48 22 687 03 35, fax +48 22 687 04 72
Filming in facilities belonging to the police or fire brigade requires the consent, on each and every occasion, of the commanding officer of the unit to which the facility belongs.
Ministry of Internal Affairs
Office of Finance and Administration
Ministerstwo Spraw Wewnętrznych
02-591 Warsaw, ul. Stefana Batorego 5
tel. +48 22 646 08 27, fax +48 22 845 62 67
National Police Headquarters
Police Logistics Office
Komenda Główna Policji
Biuro Logistyki Policji
02-542 Warsaw, ul. Domaniewska 36/38
tel. +48 22 601 18 65, fax +48 22 601 18 74
For a list of Regional Police Departments, please see: www.bip.kgp.policja.gov.pl (in Polish)
Poland’s courts and penal institutions are overseen by the Minister of Justice. Property belonging to the ministry is managed by the Administrative Division of its Bureau of Staff and Logistics. Penal facility buildings are run by the Quartermaster’s and Property Development Office of the Central Prison Service Management.
Ministry of Justice
Bureau of Staff and Logistics
Biuro Kadr i Logistyki
00-950 Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 11
tel. +48 22 521 25 59, fax +48 22 521 25 23
Education in Poland takes place in state or private nursery schools, kindergartens, primary, middle and secondary schools and higher education institutions (HEIs).
State establishments may be under the permanent management of a commune, poviat or voivodships, but they might also be managed by the school itself. Educational establishments are overseen by the Minister of Science and Higher Education.
Ministry of Science and Higher Education
Department of Budget and Science
Property Management and Development Section
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego
Departament Budżetu i Finansów
Wydział Inwestycji i Nieruchomości
00-529 Warsaw, ul. Hoża 20
tel. +48 22 529 24 24, fax +48 22 501 71 61
Ministry of Culture and National Heritage
Department of Art and Culture Education
Ministerstwo Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego
Departament Szkolnictwa Artystycznego i Edukacji Kulturalnej
00-071 Warsaw, ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 15/17
tel. +48 22 421 04 63, fax +48 22 826 14 70
Both public and private medical establishments operate in Poland.
State establishments may be under the permanent management of the local authorities, but they might also be managed by the clinic or hospital itself.
Permits to film in a post office facility are issued by the manager (naczelnik) of the facility in question. The post offices belong to the Polish Post Office.
Permits to film at an airport are issued by the director. If the work or workstations of other services present at the airport, such as the Polish Border Guard, the Customs Service or the Airport Security Guard will also filmed, then the consent of the headquarters of those services is required as well.
Zielona Góra: www.lotnisko.lubuskie.pl
Most of Poland’s railway stations and rail infrastructure is owned by the Polish State Railways Joint Stock Company (Polskie Koleje Państwowe S.A.; PKP S.A.) In this case, the producer’s partner will be the company’s Real Estate Operation Department (Departament Eksploatacji Nieruchomości), which issues shooting permits and enters into the relevant agreements. Depending upon what kind of PKP facility will be used as a location, the producer's first point of contact will be the spokesperson for the respective departments and companies which comprise the PKP Group:
Before filming begins, it is also necessary to contact the headquarters of the Railways Guards.
Pomerania, Kujawsko-Pomorskie and Warmińsko-Mazurskie voivodships
80-958 Gdańsk, ul. Dyrekcyjna 2/4
tel. +48 58 721 49 00, fax +48 58 721 49 06
85-082 Bydgoszcz, ul. Zygmunta Augusta 7
tel. +48 52 518 34 00, fax +48 52 518 34 10
10-302 Olsztyn, ul. Zientary Malewskiej 24B
tel. +48 89 677 54 00, fax +48 89 677 55 63
Voivodship of Silesia
40-012 Katowice, ul. Dworcowa 3
tel. +48 32 710 63 40, fax +48 32 710 55 85
Wielkopolska, Western Pomerania and Lubuskie voivodships
61-875 Poznań, Al. Niepodległości 8
tel. +48 61 633 55 44, fax +48 61 633 10 13
70-215 Szczecin, ul. Aleja 3 Maja 22
tel. +48 91 471 53 77, fax +48 91 471 54 18
Mazovia, Podlaskie and Łódzkie voivodships
01-246 Warsaw, ul. Armatnia 14
tel. +48 22 474 55 60, fax +48 22 474 51 17
90-002 Łódź, ul. Tuwima 28
tel. +48 42 205 53 90, fax +48 42 205 55 40
Lower Silesia and Opolski voivodships
50-525 Wrocław, ul. Joannitów 13
tel. +48 71 717 33 64, fax +48 71 717 54 09
Urban transport systems in Poland consist of trams, buses and, more rarely, trolley buses. In some cities, rapid urban railways, rapid tram services and even water buses operate. Urban transport services are provided both by private companies and by enterprises and facilities belonging to the urban communes (zakład komunikacji miejskiej, miejski zakład komunikacji, miejskie przedsiębiorstwo komunikacyjne, more often than not). In order to obtain a shooting permit, it is necessary to apply to the owner or managing body of the selected mode of transport. Urban communications are overseen by an organisational unit of the municipal authority (zarząd komunikacji, zarząd transportu, more often than not). There is only one metro, in Warsaw. It is managed by Metro Warszawskie (Warsaw Metro).